History of Halloween



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Halloween is an annual holiday, celebrated each year on October 31, that has roots in age-old European traditions. It originated with the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain, when people would light bonfires and wear costumes to ward off ghosts. In the eighth century, Pope Gregory III designated November 1 as a time to honor all saints; soon, All Saints Day incorporated some of the traditions of Samhain. The evening before was known as All Hallows Eve, and later Halloween. Over time, Halloween evolved into a day of activities like trick-or-treating and carving jack-o-lanterns. Around the world, as days grow shorter and nights get colder, people continue to usher in the season with gatherings, costumes and sweet treats.


ANCIENT ORIGINS OF HALLOWEEN

Halloween


Halloween’s origins date back to the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain (pronounced sow-in). The Celts, who lived 2,000 years ago in the area that is now Ireland, the United Kingdom and northern France, celebrated their new year on November 1.

This day marked the end of summer and the harvest and the beginning of the dark, cold winter, a time of year that was often associated with human death. Celts believed that on the night before the new year, the boundary between the worlds of the living and the dead became blurred. On the night of October 31 they celebrated Samhain, when it was believed that the ghosts of the dead returned to earth.

In addition to causing trouble and damaging crops, Celts thought that the presence of the otherworldly spirits made it easier for the Druids, or Celtic priests, to make predictions about the future. For a people entirely dependent on the volatile natural world, these prophecies were an important source of comfort and direction during the long, dark winter.

To commemorate the event, Druids built huge sacred bonfires, where the people gathered to burn crops and animals as sacrifices to the Celtic deities. During the celebration, the Celts wore costumes, typically consisting of animal heads and skins, and attempted to tell each other’s fortunes.

When the celebration was over, they re-lit their hearth fires, which they had extinguished earlier that evening, from the sacred bonfire to help protect them during the coming winter.

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One quarter of all the candy sold annually in the U.S. is purchased for Halloween.

By 43 A.D., the Roman Empire had conquered the majority of Celtic territory. In the course of the four hundred years that they ruled the Celtic lands, two festivals of Roman origin were combined with the traditional Celtic celebration of Samhain.

The first was Feralia, a day in late October when the Romans traditionally commemorated the passing of the dead. The second was a day to honor Pomona, the Roman goddess of fruit and trees. The symbol of Pomona is the apple, and the incorporation of this celebration into Samhain probably explains the tradition of “bobbing” for apples that is practiced today on Halloween.

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The archaeologists are still digging the roots of the tradition of Halloween is in the Celtic spiritual centers, such as the Hill of Ward (originally known as Tlachtga Wednesday) in County Meath, Ireland. This great day is a tradition of the feast of Samhain. Celtic new year is estimated to fall at sunset between 31 October and 1 November.


The society believes that on the eve of Samhain, the souls who died in the previous years to travel from Earth to hereafter. While it is believed as the time at which the door between two of the world open.


History records that the bonfire was lit at major sites such as Tlachtga Wednesday. Evidence of any large scale combustion has indeed been found. This burning may have been used for sacrifice, or symbolic of the Sun, known as Tlachtga Wednesday because one of the goddess of the Sun.


Halloween arrives in America


The European immigrants who brought Halloween to the United States. Unlike the early traditions, Halloween has been fused with the current American culture. This Festival began dilakukuan while Ireland‘s immigration boom to the United States in 1800 ‘s. Anoka, Minnesota, may be home to the oldest official Halloween Celebration United States. In 1920, the city began staging the parade and bonfire.


The celebration may have other goals. Historians from Anoka said that city residents reject activities are not important and disturbing at Halloween, such as releasing cows into the main road and reverse the outhouse. Up to now, Halloween celebrations include good things and fun.


Halloween into business fields


The National Retail Federation surveyed consumers related habits of Americans at Halloween. A number of 171 million u.s. consumers plan on celebrating Halloween in 2016. They did not even hesitate to open the wallet to celebrate.


This year, seven of every 10 Americans will hand out candy, while the other half will decorate the House, or dress them up for Halloween costumes.


The most popular costumes


The most popular costumes for citizens aged 18 to 34 years old usually take the latest box office movie character. Some of them are Batman, Wonder Woman, Harley Quinn, Joker (DC Comics), and crime films such as Deadpool, Marvel and Spider-Man.




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Children usually will be inspired costumes from Disney films (Frozen), and the most popular is a character in the Star Wars films.


A number of the 16 percent of consumers will also adorn their pets at Halloween. Pet costume favorites are pumpkin, hot dogs, and bees.