History of Valentine Day

This is one of the feasts of the Romans Paganis (idolatrous), the Romans had been worshipped since the 17th century. So this valentine’s feast day is the appellation to a love of their patron.
About the history of valentine is there are a lot of versions that mention, but of the many versions conclude that valentine’s day has no obvious background at all.

This Festival has existed since the 4th century BC, held on February 15, the feast which aims to honor the deity named Lupercus, God of fertility, symbolized half naked and dressed in goat skin. These events shaped the ceremony and lottery withdrawal interspersed in it to seek a partner. By pulling the roll of paper containing your name, the girls get a pair. Then they married for a period of one year, after which they could have left well enough alone. And if you already own, they wrote his name to be entered into the raffle box again at a ceremony the following year.
In the meantime, on February 14, 269 M  a Christian Minister who is also known as physicians (doctors) a benefactor named Valentine was died.

He lives in the Kingdom which was then led by the famous Claudius the cruel. He hated the emperor. Claudius sought to have large military forces, he wanted all the men in his Kingdom to join in it.
But unfortunately these desires are not supported. The man reluctantly involved in the battle. Because they do not want to leave his family and lover of his heart. This makes Claudius angry, he immediately ordered his officials to do a crazy idea.

Claudius thought that if the men are not married, they will be happy to join the military. Then Claudius banned marriages. Young couples when it considers this decision very unreasonable. Hence St. Valentine refused to carry it out.

St. Valentine still carry out his duties as pastor, i.e. marry the couples who fall in love despite confidentially. This action was discovered by the Emperor soon gave him a warning, but it was not acknowledged and remain bless the wedding in a small chapel which was Candlelit only.
Until one night, he caught one of the blessed couple. The couple managed to escape, but the hapless St. Valentine was caught. He was thrown into prison and sentenced to death with a severed head.
Since the death of Valentine (14 February), the story spread and expanded, until no one else in the corners of the area of Rome could not hear the story of life and death. Grandpa and Grandma told the story of Saint Valentine on the son and his grandson until the level of cult-like.

When the Catholic religion began to grow, the ruler of the church wanted to contribute in the role. For the solution, they look for a new character as a surrogate God of compassion, Lupercus. They finally find a replacement for Lupercus, namely Saint Valentine.

In the year 494 M, Pope Gelasius I changed the Lupercaria ceremony held every February 15, became the official celebration of the Church. Two years later, the Pope replaced the date becomes February 14, which coincides with the date of the death of Saint Valentine as a form of homage and cult to Saint Valentine. Thus the feast of Lupercaria is no longer there and replaced with “Valentine Days”
Skeletal remains unearthed from the tomb of Saint Hyppolytus him Via Tibertinus near Rome, identified as relics of St. Valentine. Then put in a gold coffin and sent to church Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church in Dublin, Ireland. The bodies were given to them by Pope Gregory XVI in 1836.
Many travelers now who make a pilgrimage to this church on Valentine’s day, where the gold coffin in a procession ‘arak-arak’ and brought to a high altar. On that day a special mass was held and presented to the young people and those who are in a relationship of love.

This feast was removed from the ecclesiastical calendar in 1969 as part of a broader effort to remove the native Saints can be questionable and only-based legend only. But this feast is still celebrated on certain parishes.

Appropriate development, Valentines day is sort of routine rituals for the Church to be celebrated. In order not to look formal, this warning is wrapped with entertainment or dinner parties.


Every February 14, across the United States and in other places around the world, candy, flowers and gifts are exchanged between loved ones, all in the name of St. Valentine. But who is this mysterious saint, and where did these traditions come from? Find out about the history of this centuries-old holiday, from ancient Roman rituals to the customs of Victorian England.


The history of Valentine’s Day–and the story of its patron saint–is shrouded in mystery. We do know that February has long been celebrated as a month of romance, and that St. Valentine’s Day, as we know it today, contains vestiges of both Christian and ancient Roman tradition. But who was Saint Valentine, and how did he become associated with this ancient rite?

The Catholic Church recognizes at least three different saints named Valentine or Valentinus, all of whom were martyred. One legend contends that Valentine was a priest who served during the third century in Rome. When Emperor Claudius II decided that single men made better soldiers than those with wives and families, he outlawed marriage for young men. Valentine, realizing the injustice of the decree, defied Claudius and continued to perform marriages for young lovers in secret. When Valentine’s actions were discovered, Claudius ordered that he be put to death.

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Other stories suggest that Valentine may have been killed for attempting to help Christians escape harsh Roman prisons, where they were often beaten and tortured. According to one legend, an imprisoned Valentine actually sent the first “valentine” greeting himself after he fell in love with a young girl–possibly his jailor’s daughter–who visited him during his confinement. Before his death, it is alleged that he wrote her a letter signed “From your Valentine,” an expression that is still in use today. Although the truth behind the Valentine legends is murky, the stories all emphasize his appeal as a sympathetic, heroic and–most importantly–romantic figure. By the Middle Ages, perhaps thanks to this reputation, Valentine would become one of the most popular saints in England and France.


While some believe that Valentine’s Day is celebrated in the middle of February to commemorate the anniversary of Valentine’s death or burial–which probably occurred around A.D. 270–others claim that the Christian church may have decided to place St. Valentine’s feast day in the middle of February in an effort to “Christianize” the pagan celebration of Lupercalia. Celebrated at the ides of February, or February 15, Lupercalia was a fertility festival dedicated to Faunus, the Roman god of agriculture, as well as to the Roman founders Romulus and Remus.

To begin the festival, members of the Luperci, an order of Roman priests, would gather at a sacred cave where the infants Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome, were believed to have been cared for by a she-wolf or lupa. The priests would sacrifice a goat, for fertility, and a dog, for purification. They would then strip the goat’s hide into strips, dip them into the sacrificial blood and take to the streets, gently slapping both women and crop fields with the goat hide. Far from being fearful, Roman women welcomed the touch of the hides because it was believed to make them more fertile in the coming year. Later in the day, according to legend, all the young women in the city would place their names in a big urn. The city’s bachelors would each choose a name and become paired for the year with his chosen woman. These matches often ended in marriage.


Lupercalia survived the initial rise of Christianity and but was outlawed—as it was deemed “un-Christian”–at the end of the 5th century, when Pope Gelasius declared February 14 St. Valentine’s Day. It was not until much later, however, that the day became definitively associated with love. During the Middle Ages, it was commonly believed in France and England that February 14 was the beginning of birds’ mating season, which added to the idea that the middle of Valentine’s Day should be a day for romance.

Valentine greetings were popular as far back as the Middle Ages, though written Valentine’s didn’t begin to appear until after 1400. The oldest known valentine still in existence today was a poem written in 1415 by Charles, Duke of Orleans, to his wife while he was imprisoned in the Tower of London following his capture at the Battle of Agincourt. (The greeting is now part of the manuscript collection of the British Library in London, England.) Several years later, it is believed that King Henry V hired a writer named John Lydgate to compose a valentine note to Catherine of Valois.


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In addition to the United States, Valentine’s Day is celebrated in Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom, France and Australia. In Great Britain, Valentine’s Day began to be popularly celebrated around the 17th century. By the middle of the 18th, it was common for friends and lovers of all social classes to exchange small tokens of affection or handwritten notes, and by 1900 printed cards began to replace written letters due to improvements in printing technology. Ready-made cards were an easy way for people to express their emotions in a time when direct expression of one’s feelings was discouraged. Cheaper postage rates also contributed to an increase in the popularity of sending Valentine’s Day greetings.

Americans probably began exchanging hand-made valentines in the early 1700s. In the 1840s, Esther A. Howland began selling the first mass-produced valentines in America. Howland, known as the “Mother of the Valentine,” made elaborate creations with real lace, ribbons and colorful pictures known as “scrap.” Today, according to the Greeting Card Association, an estimated 1 billion Valentine’s Day cards are sent each year, making Valentine’s Day the second largest card-sending holiday of the year. (An estimated 2.6 billion cards are sent for Christmas.) Women purchase approximately 85 percent of all valentines.